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Title: Differentiation potential of human chorion-derived mesenchymal stem cells into motor neuron-like cells in two-and three-dimensional culture systems
Journal: Molecular neurobiology
Author: 1. Faezeh Faghihi, 1,7,8. Mohammad Taghi Joghataei, 2. Esmaeil Mirzaei, 3. Somayeh Ebrahimi Barough, 3,4. Jafar Ai, 5. Abolfazl Lotfi, 6. Forough Azam Sayahpour
Year: 2016
Address: 1. Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 2. Department of Medical Nanotechnology, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 3. Department of Tissue Engineering, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 4. Brain and Spinal Injury Research Center, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 5. Department of Biotechnology, National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Tehran, Iran 6. Department of Stem Cells and Developmental Biology at Cell Science Research Center, Royan Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Technology, ACECR, Tehran, Iran 7. Department of Neuroscience, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 8. Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract: Many people worldwide suffer from motor neuronrelated disorders such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and spinal cord injuries. Recently, several attempts have been made to recruit stem cells to modulate disease progression in ALS and also regenerate spinal cord injuries. Chorion-derived mesenchymal stem cells (C-MSCs), used to be discarded as postpartum medically waste product, currently represent a class of cells with self renewal property and immunomodulatory capacity. These cells are able to differentiate into mesodermal and nonmesodermal lineages such as neural cells. On the other hand, gelatin, as a simply denatured collagen, is a suitable substrate for cell adhesion and differentiation. It has been shown that electrospinning of scaffolds into fibrous structure better resembles the physiological microenvironment in comparison with two-dimensional (2D) culture system. Since there is no report on potential of human chorionderived MSCs to differentiate into motor neuron cells in twoand three-dimensional (3D) culture systems, we set out to determine the effect of retinoic acid (RA) and sonic hedgehog (Shh) on differentiation of human C-MSCs into motor neuronlike cells cultured on tissue culture plates (2D) and electrospun nanofibrous gelatin scaffold (3D).
Keywords: Motor neuron . Chorion . Mesenchymal stem cells . Electrospinning . Gelatin
Application: Scaffold, Tissue Engineering
Product Model 1: Electroris
Product Model 2:
URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12035-015-9129-y#="https://link.springer.com" & "/article/10.1007/s12035-015-9129-y"#