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Title: Facile fabrication of carbon nanotubes/polystyrene composite nanofibers for high-performance electromagnetic interference shielding
Journal: Fibers and Polymers
Author: 1. Sayyed Sadroddin Qavamnia, 2. Komeil Nasouri
Year: 2016
Address: 1. Textile Engineering Department, Islamic Azad University, Birjand 97177-11111, Iran 2. Textile Engineering Department, AmirKabir University of Technology, Tehran 15875-4413, Iran
Abstract: Polystyrene (PS) composites with nanofibrous structure consisting of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with 0-10 wt.% of nanofiller have been fabricated via electrospinning technique. The surface morphology and thermal properties of the composites were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA). The SEM analysis of the composite nanofibers samples revealed that the average diameter of the nanofibers increases with increasing MWCNTs content. The resultant MWCNTs/PS composite nanofibers diameters were in the range of 391±63 to 586±132 nm. The thermal stability of composites was increased after addition of MWCNTs to PS matrix. The electrical conductivity of the composites with different weight percentage of MWCNTs was investigated at room temperature. Electrical conductivity of MWCNTs/PS composite nanofiber followed percolation theory having a percolation threshold Vc= 0.45 vol% (~0.75 wt. %) and critical exponent q=1.21. The electrical conductivity and thermal properties confirmed the presence of good dispersion and alignment MWCNTs encapsulated within the electrospun nanofibers. The electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding effectiveness of the MWCNTs/PS composites was examined in the measurement frequency range of 8.2-12.4 GHz (X-band). The total EMI shielding efficiency of MWCNTs/PS composite nanofibers increased up to 32 dB. The EMI shielding results for MWCNTs/PS composite nanofibers showed that absorption loss was the major shielding mechanism and reflection was the secondary mechanism. The present study has shown the possibility of utilizing MWCNTs/PS composite nanofibers as EMI shielding/absorption materials.
Keywords: Nanofiber, Electrospinning, Composite, Shielding effectiveness, Mechanism
Application: Electromagnetic Interference Shielding
Product Model 1: Electroris
Product Model 2:
URL:"" & "/article/10.1007/s12221-016-6676-4"#