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Title: Quantum Dot/Polyvinyl Alcohol Composite Nanofibers Membrane as Highly Sensitive Fluorescence Quenching-Based Sensors
Journal: Fibers and Polymers
Author: 1. Matin Mahmoudifard, Ahmad Mousavi Shoushtari, 2. Maryam Shanehsaz
Year: 2014
Address: 1. Textile Engineering Department, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran 2. Research Institute of Petroleum Industry, Tehran, Iran
Abstract: Nanofibrous membranes are intensively applied to fabricate advanced intelligent devices like highly sensitive sensors due to their flexibility, high porosity, high surface area and good mechanical and chemical stability. In this work, fluorescent cadmium telluride (CdTe) quantum dots (Q.Ds) were synthesized and then uniformly embedded in poly vinyl alcohol (PVA) nanofibers by electrospinning technique to serve as reversible quenching fluorescence-based sensor to detect the traces of benzene, toluene and xylene vapors selectively at room temperature. Fluorescence analysis suggested that Q.Ds preserve their original fluorescent property in solid nanofiber as if they were in solution. Scanning electron microscopy images showed the uniform diameter of nanofibers. In addition, Fluorescence and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) measurements confirmed the uniform distribution of the Q.Ds into nanofibers structures. The main mechanism of quenching based sensor was designated as electron transfer from thiogalycolic acid (TGA) - capped Q.D surface to target volatile organic compounds (VOC’s) vapors. Fabricated sensor showed selectively sensing upon trace of different target vapors due to the difference in the electronegativity of various VOC’s molecules. For example exposure to more electron withdrawing toluene molecules induces severe quenching effect on fluorescence intensity of Q.D (about 25 %) over xylene exposure. Moreover, it was observed that reducing the diameter of nanofibers enhanced the sensitivity of sensor.
Keywords: Electrospinning, Nanofiber, Quantum dot, Optical sensor, Fluorescence quenching
Application: Membrane, Sensor
Product Model 1: Electroris
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