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Title: Comparative Study of Poly (L-Lactic Acid) Scaffolds Coated with Chitosan Nanoparticles Prepared Via Ultrasonication and Ionic Gelation Techniques
Journal: Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Author: 1.Majid Salehi, Mahdi Naseri-Nosar, Mahmoud Azami, 2. Saeedeh Jafari Nodooshan, 3. Javad Arish
Year: 2016
Address: 1. Department of Tissue Engineering and Applied Cell Sciences, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 2. Department of Medical Biotechnology, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 3. Department of Nanotechnology, School of New Sciences and Technology, Pharmaceutical Sciences Branch of Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract: In this study, an attempt was made to develop bi-functional constructs serving both as scaffolds and potential delivery systems for application in neural tissue engineering. The constructs were prepared in two steps. In the first step, the bulks of poly (L-lactic acid) (PLLA) in 1, 4-dioxane/water (87:13) were fabricated using liquid-liquid thermally induced phase separation technique. In the next step, the prepared bulks were coated with chitosan nanoparticles produced by two different techniques of ultrasonication and ionic gelation by grafting-coating technique. In ultrasonication technique, the chitosan solution (2 mg/mL) in acetic acid/sodium acetate buffer (90:10) was irradiated by an ultrasound generator at 20 kHz and power output of 750 W for 100 s. In ionic gelation technique, the tripolyphosphate in water solution (1 mg/mL) was added to the same chitosan solution. The physicochemical properties of the products were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy, Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transform-Infrared, liquid displacement technique, contact angle measurement, compressive and tensile tests, as well as zeta potential and particle size analysis using dynamic light scattering. Moreover, the cell proliferation and attachment on the scaffolds were evaluated through human glioblastoma cell line (U-87 MG) and human neuroblastoma cell line [BE (2)-C] culture respectively. The results showed that the samples coated with chitosan nanoparticles prepared by ultrasonication possessed enhanced hydrophilicity, biodegradation and cytocompatibility compared with pure PLLA and PLLA coated with chitosan nanoparticles prepared by ionic gelation. This study suggests successful nanoparticles-scaffold systems which can act simultaneously as potential delivery systems and tissue engineering scaffolds.
Keywords: Neural tissue engineering; Poly(L-Lactic acid); Thermally induced phase separation; Chitosan nanoparticles; Ultrasonication; Ionic gelation
Application: Scaffold, Tissue Engineering
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